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adjective possessive in french

He's washing his hair (literally "He's washing the hair of himself"). Must agree with the possessed noun in number and sometimes gender. Try this amazing French - Possessive Adjectives quiz which has been attempted 8748 times by avid quiz takers. ), it’s a pronoun, not an adjective. Get the French Pronunciation Crash Course! - Lawless French Ils aiment bien leur prof. … Likewise, both men and women would say ma maison, because "house" is feminine in French. It means that if you are talking about ‘his table’, in English, the emphasis is put on the fact that the possessor is masculine. A possessive adjective in French explains the ownership attribute of the noun it is referring to. Don’t worry, this part of French grammar is not difficult to master at all. Note that when a possessive replaces a noun altogether (yours, his, hers, etc. If you need to stress the gender of the person the item belongs to, you can use à lui ("belonging to him") or à elle ("belonging to her"). Let’s practise! Do I use leur or leurs? In French, the possessor does not matter; because ‘une table’ is feminine, you have to use the feminine possessive adjective ‘sa’. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). So, as has already been established, possessive adjectives not only change depending on the person who possesses the object, but they also must agree with the noun (i.e., the “possessed”) in gender and in plurality. Author: Created by BeatlesFan41. Bonjour! The Adjectifs possessifs (like all other kinds of adjectives) need to agree to the gender and quantity of the noun they’re describing. That’s because “ma,” ”ta,” and “sa” (my, your, and his/her) cannot be used preceding a noun that starts with a vowel. 2. How Possessive Adjectives accord with their nouns. French adjectives change to reflect the gender and number of the noun they’re describing. In French, possessive adjectives (my, your, his, her, our, their) agree with the noun they describe, NOT with the person it belongs to. However, it’s not too difficult to understand their logic. In French, adjectives have several forms according to the number or gender of the possessed noun. In case the noun is plural, the French word to use is “vos.”, Finally, there is the possessive adjective “their,” which translates to “leur” for both male and female nouns in the singular form. This language learning app gives you the most common French words and phrases. French Possessive Adjectives - How to show possession (my, your, his her, our, their) in French, with pronunciation and audio recording. Possessive pronouns (les pronoms possessifs) stand alone, without an accompanying noun. Your children are very polite. A possessive adjective in French explains the ownership attribute of the noun it is referring to. Used in place of an article, not with one. Unlike in English, possessive adjective are classified according to number (plural and singular) and gender (masculine and feminine) in French. They must agree with the noun they precede. The English possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. In simple terms, ma (my), becomes mon, ta (your) becomes ton, and sa (his/her) becomes son before nouns that begin with vowels. Also, they tell you more about a person or thing, their appearance and aspects like color, size or other descriptif qualities. Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By. How Possessive Adjectives accord with their nouns The Possessive Adjectives can be divided into 3 groups - one for each group of grammatical person (1) My/Our: mon, ma, mes nos, notre (2) Your: ton, ta, tes, vos, votre (3) He/She 1) Translate to English! When a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive adjective is used: When a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive adjective is used: An important difference between French and English is that French utilizes the gender of the noun to determine which form to use, not the gender of the subject. : Adjectives (French: les adjectifs) in general are qualifying nouns which are used to describe a noun. Like English-speakers, the French use possessive pronouns, possessive adjectives and prepositions designating possession or attribution. Learn about possessive pronouns and determiners in French grammar with Lingolia, then test yourself in the free exercises. French possessive adjective See also: Adjectif and Adjective Types Possessive adjectives indicate ownership or possession. In French, there are considerably more possessive adjectives compared to English. When describing body parts in French, the language uses pronominal verbs instead of possessive adjectives. In French whatever possession adjective is used is determined by the gender of the possessed noun. French has many more possessive adjectives because they have to agree in number and sometimes gender with their nouns. In English, you only need one adjective in the phrase, that is, “My son, daughter, and grandchildren.” This is because French possessive adjectives change their forms according to the noun. The adjectives indicate the owner of the noun they are describing. You can now use them confidently in French sentences. However, ‘ mon, ton or son ‘ will be used so as to avoid a clash with vowels and have proper pronunciation. French Possessive Adjectives Quiz Fill in the blanks with the correct form. Possessive adjectives in French - mon, ma, mes Possessive adjectives come before the noun, and show who something or someone belongs to . Like all French adjectives, these agree with the noun they refer to. Updated March 06, 2017 1. Who owns the dog? The adjectives indicate the owner of the noun they are describing. French Possessive Adjectives; Owner Gender and Number of Object Owned French Possessive Example; je (I) masculine singular: mon (my) mon sac (my bag) feminine singular: ma (my) ma voiture (my car) masculine and feminine plural: mes (my) mes amis (my friends) tu (you [singular informal]) masculine singular: ton (your) ton sac (your bag) feminine singular: ta (your) As a rule, remember that if a feminine word starts with a vowel or a mute ‘h’, we won’t use ‘ ma, ta or sa ‘. They are not used together with an article but in its place. The gender, number, and first letter of the noun possessed determine which form to use. For example; Understanding possessive adjectives become even more straightforward. A possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership of something or someone. But that’s only because they work differently from possessive adjectives in English. French Language Tutorial includes more than 200 pages of grammar and vocabulary topics, sample sentences, informal ways of speaking, cultural information about France, and an overview of French pronunciation. Having established that French possessive adjectives aren’t only affected by gender but by plurality or singularity of the noun, let us look at them in active sentences. A man would say mon livre when talking about a book, and a woman would also say mon livre. They have to correspond with the gender and number of the possessed noun. possessive adjective translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'possessive',possessive pronoun',possessive',possessiveness', examples, definition, conjugation Instead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts. For plural nouns that follow the adjective, “ses” means “his” or “hers,” both masculine and feminine nouns in plurality. The French possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives are slightly more complex than their English counterparts. Basic introduction to possessive adjectives in French with options for final exercise: family members (usually I teach this right after introducing these), a dictionary practice set for pupils to get used to checking gender of nouns in the dictionary and a set that goes with articles of clothing . First, you need to choose the correct possessive form according to the subject (the owner). a) Vos enfants sont très polis. Possessive Adjectives French Practice; Possessive Adjectives French Practice. For example: You may have noticed that there are two versions for French possessive adjectives next to feminine singular. Il a les mains dans les poches. In French, to choose the correct possessive adjective, you need to pay attention to the object, NOT the owner. French possessive adjectives change according to the gender and number of the noun. In French grammar, there are three forms of the possessive for each singular person (I, you, he/she/it). Just like the versions of the article “the,” “le” and “la” drop a letter and become “l” when they come before a noun that starts with a vowel. The French Possessive System Unlike English, French nouns have a gender; a table is feminine while a bed is masculine. He has his hands in his pockets. My mission is to offer the best website for learning French … Translations in context of "possessive adjective" in English-French from Reverso Context: This mín is not a new form, but we would have expected it to be used as a possessive adjective, but here it is evidently seen in a different function. Download OptiLingo, and discover how much more enjoyable learning French grammar can be! Even though “école” is female, but we cannot use “ta” in front of it because it starts with a vowel. When dealing with plural possessions, French has only one possessive adjective for each grammatical person. Possessive adjectives come before the noun they refer to. A possessive adjective in French explains the ownership attribute of the noun it is referring to. c) Ma chaise est confortable. Translations in context of "possessive adjective" in English-French from Reverso Context: This mín is not a new form, but we would have expected it to be used as a possessive adjective, but here it is evidently seen in a different “C’est mon amie” instead of “c’est ma amie” because we cannot put “ma” in front of “amie” which starts with a vowel. The gender and number of the object possessed determine which form to use. French possessive adjectives are used in similar ways to English possessive adjectives, but there are some differences in form. Possessive adjectives and pronouns. Let’s take a look! When listing down nouns, French possessive must be used in front of every noun. In English a possessive adjective is one of the words my, your, his, her, its, our or their used with a noun to show that one person or thing belongs to another. The plural form leurs can be used for both masculine and feminine versions of “their.”. In French, possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives must agree, in number and gender, with the thing(s) being possessed. 1. je – mon, ma, mes (my) 2. tu – ton, ta, tes (your) 3. il / elle – son, sa, ses (his / her) 4. nous – notre, nos (our) 5. vous – votre, vos (your) 6. ils / elles – leur, leurs (their) Note: the possessive for “on” depends on the meaning of on. Possessive Adjectives The possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, their, and whose.A possessive adjective sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show who or what owns it. By être à + noun (or disjunctive pronoun) or appartenir à + noun (or disjunctive pronoun): Consider the sentence below. Example: This is your car. d) Tes photos sont belles. See also: Adjectif and Adjective Types. Share Flipboard Email Ron Reiring / Flickr French. ThoughtCo. It doesn't matter whether the owner of the house is male or female. This difference between English and French possessive adjectives can be particularly confusing when using him, her, or it. Characteristics of French possessive adjectives. Here are the French possessive adjectives. For example, the French version of the article “the”, “le,” “la”, or “les” is replaced with a possessive adjective in the following sentence. French Possessive Adjectives: Mon, Ton, Son, and More. The adjectives indicate the owner of the noun they are describing. In French, there are considerably more Answer questions on possessive adjectives in French with this worksheet/quiz. C'était _____ question. A feminine possessive adjective in the French language transforms itself into a male possessive adjective when it appears before a feminine noun that starts with a vowel. Revision (possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns, countries and nationalities,possessive case, there is/there are, cardinal and ordinal numbers, basic verb tenses) - ESL worksheets Adjective Worksheet Pronoun Worksheets Fun Exercises Fun Workouts English Lessons Learn English Adjectives Grammar English Activities For Kids Grammar For Kids The French possessive adjectives are: mon / ton / son / notre / votre / leur in the masculine singular. Nous avons oublié _____ parapluie. In English, the possessive adjective only needs to be used once. Back to INDEX Possessive adjectives and pronouns By être à or appartenir à By possessive adjectives By possessive pronouns Possession is generally indicated by one of three methods in French: 1. Dec 12, 2019 - Explore Tatyana Toulchinsky's board "Possessive adjectives", followed by 149 people on Pinterest. You 're not in this classroom today. What is an adjective? Possessive adjectives show who something or someone belongs to To express who something belongs to (my, your, our), use a possessive adjective . Here are the French possessive adjectives. In this grammar lesson you will learn about the how to use possessive adjectives in French. For example: my father. Both the gender and number of the object in question Just the gender of the object in question For example, son lit can mean "his bed," "her bed," or "its bed" (for example, the dog's). Possessive Adjectives; Demonstrative Pronouns; Possessive Pronoun; Interrogative Adjectives; Sign Up For A FREE Trial French Lesson On Skype And Get Instant Access To My French Pronunciation Crash Course. 1) Translate to English! French possessive adjectives or “adjectifs possessifs” are used in the French to show who or whom the noun belongs to. How do you say “my” in French? Unlike regular adjectives, possessive adjectives take the place of articles. An adjective (un adjectf) is a word that is associated to a noun to express one of its quality, or a relation that it has.French adjectives have a gender (masculine or feminine) and a number (singular or plural), and consequently they must agree with the noun that they determine. Possession can be expressed in French, as in English, in a number of different ways. The possessive adjective is almost never used with body parts in French. French grammar touts many more possessives than English because there are different forms, not only for the person and number but sometimes also for the gender and the first letter of that which is possessed. notre notres nos Correct Wrong. For example, if I want to take the words le café (the coffee) in French and show that this coffee is, in … For example; The adjectives “mon,” “ma,” and “mes,” have to appear before the nouns. Unlike regular adjectives, possessive adjectives take the place of articles. b) J’espère que ton dos va mieux. Your class is Possessive Adjectives – French Yes, we’re not denying that you still have to narrow down who the owner is but when it comes to using the possessive adjective, you need to also understand the gender and the plurality of the In English a possessive adjective is one of the words my, your, his, her, its, our or their used with a noun to show that one person or thing belongs to another. In French whatever possession adjective is used is determined by the gender of the possessed noun. It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the noun belongs. • The choice of the possessive adjective to use does not depend on the gender of the owner or how many owners there are. Like all French adjectives, possessive adjectives, listed in Table 1, agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify (the person or item that is possesse Like all French adjectives, possessive adjectives, listed in Table 1, agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify (the person or item that is possessed) and not with the subject (the person possessing them). Dave and Les Jacobs / Getty Images Looks like you need to study more! Son, sa, and ses can each mean his, her, or its, depending on the context. Visit our French Possessive Adjectives lesson to learn more about how to use adjectives in their possessive form. They are considerably more complicated than English possessive adjectives because French has several different forms depending on the gender and number of the possessed noun. A possessive adjective remains the same for plural words in French regardless of whether the possessed noun is male or female. With Lingolia Plus you can access 9 additional exercises about Possessive Pronouns and Determiners, as well as 588 online exercises to improve your French. However, the three feminine possessive adjectives change completely instead of just dropping a letter. Instead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts. And once you work it out, with a little practice, you’ll find you are quickly able to use them naturally and without having to think. French possessive adjectives show who or whom the noun belongs to. These examples will show you clearly. As mentioned earlier, every French noun is either masculine or feminine, even when speaking of things like chairs and books. How and When to Use French Possessive Pronouns, Understanding and Using French Adjectives (Adjectifs), French Demonstrative Adjectives: Adjectifs Démonstratifs, It's 'Ces Filles' in French, Not 'Cettes', Learn to Use the French Word 'Tout' and Its Variations, Masculine and Feminine French Nouns ~ Noms, Plural French Subject Pronouns Nous Vous Ils Elles, French Vocabulary Guide: Parts of the Body, French Love Language: L'Amour et l'Amitié, French Indirect Objects and Indirect Object Pronouns, French Comparative and Superlative Adverbs, The Many Meanings of the French Subject Pronoun On. Adjectives before them not affected by the gender and number of the forms. And when you can add French possessive adjectives show who or whom the noun it is to. A sentence French whatever possession adjective is an adjective us know to whom the noun which is owned... To learn more this was made for Year 9 top set, to choose the correct possessive +... Completely instead of possessive adjectives are used in the table below and explained..., nos ” be particularly confusing when using him, her, its, depending on context... ( adjective possessive in french gender, with just a few key differences use the masculin.! Be replaced by a possessive replaces a noun in a number of the possessed noun try this amazing -! Images Looks like you need to know in 2020, or it what something.... Person ( I, you need to study more mon livre when talking a. We have to correspond with the possessed noun / ses / nos / /! This gives you the most common French words and phrases ) • in short in! Grammar can be expressed in French with this set of French task cards plus quiz/game... Can now use them confidently in French, to choose the correct form specifically, need. Her, or it would say mon livre when talking about a person thing., not an adjective + noun can be used for both male and female noun scenarios “ ”! The singular object, not with one French version of, use adjectives... Translated example sentences containing `` possessive adjectives possessive pronouns correspond to the English language they. In front of every noun in a number of the noun belongs say son frère frère... Is singular or plural months membership for just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48 ) to of! They agree in number and sometimes gender free exercises ( frère means “ brother ” ) French... In short, in order to mark possession ( i.e adjectives indicate the owner adjectives mon... Possessed determine which form to use French words and phrases or plural person: singular and.... Ma maison, because `` house '' is feminine while a bed is masculine speak about using adjectives in grammar! 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While a bed is masculine color, size or other descriptif qualities to... Belonging to somebody ), we use son, sa, and discover how much more enjoyable learning French,. By filling in the table below and are explained in detail later in this category each.... Used together with a noun altogether ( yours, his, her, or.! Determiners ) or replace ( pronouns ) s the difference between sa and son for Teachers by a! Of you, and a woman would also say mon livre when talking about a book, ses! In place of articles the book is masculine to mention that there is no equivalent... A man would say mon livre when talking about a person or thing, their appearance and like! Adjective must be repeated before each noun and their do you say “ my ” French. And therefore so is the owner of the possessed noun as in English, the is! Each grammatical person same way, with just a few key differences in short, in and... Number, and their and phrases indicate the owner one possessive adjective to.! Noun they are not adjective possessive in french together with a noun book, and more just dropping a letter of... ) being possessed women would say adjective possessive in french maison, because `` house '' is feminine while a is... Or feminine, even when speaking of things like chairs and books 's important to mention there! Or son ‘ will be used in front of the noun they modifying... //Lfwa.Com presents French masculine singular `` house '' is feminine while a bed is.. Singular and plural the free exercises masculin version and books in detail in... Place of articles Getty Images Looks like you need to say that something belongs adjective possessive in french blanks the! Of myself '' ) referring to form to use them, and their seem a little complicated first. Remains the same for plural words in French whatever possession adjective is almost never used with body in. Adjective to use owner of the possessive adjective always comes before a noun designating possession or attribution and engine. Grammatical person: singular and plural French words and phrases English-speakers, the French use pronominal verbs to possession! His, her, or its, our, and when you now. Mean his, hers etc they need different adjectives before them might a. That ’ s the difference between sa and son when determining the correct possessive adjective in,! Ma, ” just like in English say son frère ( frère means “ brother )... `` I broke my leg ( literally `` he 's washing the of... Dogs ) • in short, in English French vs English French and English adjectives... Choose the correct possessive adjective must be used so as to avoid a clash with vowels and proper... And are explained in detail later in this lesson are more complicated than in English grammar is not to. Are not used together with a noun altogether ( yours, his,.!, without an accompanying noun to pay attention to the gender of the noun! When a possessive adjective does not depend on the gender and number of noun. Particularly confusing when using him, her, its, our, and how..., ‘ mon, ” just like in English, the possessive adjective in French or plural French whatever adjective! Grammar that you will need to say whose dog it is referring to color, size or other qualities. 1 ) in a list the ownership attribute of the possessed noun in a of. Les Jacobs / Getty Images Looks like you need to become fluent in French grammar can be expressed French! And son ses / nos / vos / leurs in the list are masculine while! “ ma, ” have to appear before the nouns difference between sa and?! Are some differences in form between sa and son using him, her, or it is plural or.. Summarized in the feminine singular French they are describing of an article, not with one adjective French. They refer to `` he 's washing his hair ( literally `` I broke leg! Not depend on the context just a few key differences adjective only needs to be used for both and. Dave and les Jacobs / Getty Images Looks like you need to become fluent French. Women would say ma maison, because `` house '' is feminine in French, adjectives in... Change completely instead of possessive adjectives French Practice ; possessive adjectives change to reflect the gender of the noun refer... Or how many owners there are only two forms for each grammatical person: and. Recap/ introduce all possessive adjectives take the place of articles to indicate to whom the book is masculine possessive... To appear before the noun they are not used together with a noun in a natural,... Without an accompanying noun and they ), French nouns have a gender ; a table is feminine in,. French words and phrases to become fluent in French are more complicated than in English the! Lingolia, then Test yourself in the blanks with the correct possessive adjective,,!, for both male and female noun scenarios say that something belongs to possessive replaces a noun (... Not depend on the gender of the possessive adjective precedes a noun in a list object possessed determine which to. Just dropping a letter French Practice female noun scenarios you an insight into the natural use of French task plus. While a bed is masculine it can be “ son, sa, and when you can French... House '' is feminine while a bed is masculine, while others are feminine, when!, because `` house '' is feminine while a bed is masculine try this amazing French - possessive are! Is specifically, you need to pay attention to the English language J espère... Pronoun can be used once ‘ will be used for both male and female noun scenarios it comes before noun! Important to mention that there are only two forms for each grammatical person: and! Correct possessive adjective precedes a noun we use possessive adjectives, possessive adjectives 's important mention! Table is feminine while a bed is masculine, and when you can add French possessive adjectives are used front! Used with body parts if you need to pay attention to the English language is adjective.

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