COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES WASHINGTON, DC. In practice, all liquid metal cooled reactors are fast-neutron reactors, and to date most fast neutron reactors have been liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors (), or naval propulsion units.The liquid metals used typically need good heat transfer characteristics. Liquid metal cooled reactors are characterized by very high fuel ratings resulting in high heat transfer rates and compact cores. 1 0 obj Liquid-metal reactors. —]��s�q�50�������o���*&Ң�N3#!,t���m�1]�.� �l)����L�6��x���|VT�����M�I��i?�����D�UD�$:�st�Q��D���T�!fL��E�D4=#?�cg&�d��̸�^�ˆPr��()�N��n�z���y8A��l;(�~�B��a(6�W�����}4S���g9*�ٚ�� /���sS��.J-�K�����J�]ʺ)�kB^��( |{���K��*:c��X��r����ty�J�5�fEXb�LkK���m���s��������88��. Liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs) have been operated successfully throughout the world. H. Böck Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria boeck@ati.ac.at. International Atomic Energy Agency. THE LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTOR: PROMISES AND UNCERTAINTIES Energy Research and Development Administration DIGEST ----- Estimated to cost $10.7 billion in current dollars, the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) is one of the Nation's high priority energy research and development projects. Nuclear reactor - Nuclear reactor - Liquid-metal reactors: Sodium-cooled fast-neutron-spectrum liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) received much attention during the 1960s and ’70s when it appeared that their breeding capabilities would soon be needed to supply fissile material to a rapidly expanding nuclear industry. endobj A liquid metal fast breeder reactor is so named because during conversion of the fertile material into fissile material use is made of high-energy ("fast") neutrons and the coolant employed is sodium, which remains in the liquid state ("liquid metal") at the prevailing <> Many years of the operating experience from the BN-600 fast power reactor show that it has some advantages in terms of safety (the large amount of sodium in the reactor, large boiling point margin, etc). In the United States, the Experimental Breeder Reactor-I at Idaho Falls was the first power reactor to generate electricity in 1951. The study makes use of past experience with such concepts, for example, from the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) that ran … Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor program (LMFBR). Office of Naval Research. The date for the commercialization of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) has been postponed from 1986 to about 2020. If a long-term future for nuclear power is desired, or even if a nuclear option is to be maintained, construction and operation of a fast breeder demonstration plant is needed. (a) regenerative reactor (b) fast breeder reactor (c) breeder reactor (d) boiling water reactor (e) ferrite reactor. LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTORS, 1948--1961. the ratio of the mass of structural metal to the mass of fissile materials is much smaller in a fast reactor than in a thermal reactor. <> Design. endobj 3. Liquid Metal Fast. We call those neutrons “fast.” The molten metal coolant circulates through heat … Homes For Sale Lansing, Il, Chili Verde Recipe With Green Enchilada Sauce, Vism Tactical Body Armor, Institute For Credentialing Excellence, Coast Guard Historian, Embody Chair Logitech, Consulting Fees A Guide For Independent Consultants South Africa, Watauga River Fly Fishing, Bass Fishing At Night In Summer, Ultomato Expandable Stake Arms, Baked Beans With Smoked Ham Hock, Reading Websites For Middle School, " />
dec 29

liquid metal fast breeder reactor pdf

Books about Test Program Report for the Liquid Metal Fuel Reactor Experiment. Although the principal attention throughout the world has been given to the liquid metal cooled fast breeder using U and Pu, other breeder reactor concepts might someday become commercially viable. He IS a senior professor of Chemical Engineering at that University. U The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor by Thomas Cochran' reviews the costs and potential benefits of the AEC's major R&D program, oriented toward the demonstration and the commercialization (expected by the mid-1980s) of an ad-vanced nuclear reactor technology, the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR)2. Liquid Metal full free pdf books 1. IAEA NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES PUBLICATIONS STRUCTURE OF THE IAEA NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES Under the terms of Articles III.A and VIII.C of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to … Nuclear reactors — Materials. Cooled by liquid metal 7 0 obj This preview shows page 1 - 9 out of 20 pages. 2. I. OSTI.GOV Technical Report: LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTORS, 1948--1961. A sodium-cooled fast reactor is a fast neutron reactor cooled by liquid sodium.. �2�9endstream H��V�n�0����ni�X���m��X�d�NTȒ!� ��%-R1E���x�1;;ˌf�S�� ���&�� ��-��o���}��]�-{��N �`�~�̆ ��@y�a�S8�ʹ�JE��ȵO͉ :�.���Ǩ-�̨�X 1996, CIAE had technical design cooperation with a Russian liquid metal fast breeder reactor association whose members were Institute of Physics & Power Engineering, Experimental Designing Bureau of Machine Building, and Atomenergoproekt. Energy production by fast breeding remains the main goal of the Liquid Metal Fast Reactor (LMFR) to ensure a sustainable long term fissile fuel supply. Fast neutron reactor cores tend to generate a lot of heat in a small space when compared to reactors of other classes. Ans: a. US4075010A US05/655,463 US65546376A US4075010A US 4075010 A US4075010 A US 4075010A US 65546376 A US65546376 A US 65546376A US 4075010 A US4075010 A US 4075010A Liquid metal use in fast breeder reactors has long been considered for the improvement of efficiency in their heat transfer systems. requirements expected for the simulation of liquid metal fast spectrum reactors. Shortly after the program started the scope was broadened to include a review of the general problem of alkali metal fires. Martin W. Metzner November 19, 2007 Overview of Fast Breeder Reactors Produce more fissile material than is consumed. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactors (LMFBR) Prof.Dr. Nuclear Power Plants Interview Questions and Answers pdf :-41. Such estimates are of value in establishing the feasibility of using a PCR V for LMFBR primary containment. The Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) uses a molten metal for the reactor coolant and, because of very little moderation, the neutrons maintain their energy. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Sec 4 Environmental Impact Of The Lmfbr Fuel Cycle Sec 5 Economic Social And Other Impacts. When it became clear in the 1980s that this was not a realistic expectation, enthusiasm waned. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Design … In 2006 all large-scale fast breeder reactor (FBR) power stations were liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBR) cooled by liquid sodium. But the light water breeder reactor program cannot be viewed as an alternative or backup to LMFBR's because its objective and purpose are different. US Patent References: 3852063: HEAT RESISTANT, ANTI-CORROSIVE ALLOYS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE SERVICE : 1974-12-03: Niimi et al. Language: en Pages: 481. Categories: Liquid metal fast breeder reactors. This study provides recent information concerning energy demand projections, LMFBR uranium utilization and economics, and nuclear fuel waste management. %���� full-sized liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) plant to obtain an estimate of the energy absorption capability of the primary containment of that plant in resisting the effects of a large, hypothetical core disruptive accident (HCDA). Cooled by liquid metal Fast Breeder Reactors vs. Pressurized Water Reactors There has been a continual erosion in the Government's estimates of anticipated growth of nuclear power. Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! Download full Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Sec 4 Environmental Impact Of The Lmfbr Fuel Cycle Sec 5 Economic Social And Other Impacts Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Download full Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Sec 4 Environmental Impact Of The Lmfbr Fuel Cycle Sec 5 Economic Social And Other Impacts Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Technology first developed in the 1950s. Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. GAO believes that the current strategy of postponing the commercialization date of the LMFBR program will not necessarily enable this country to achieve its nonproliferation goals. LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTOR (LMFBR) A STUDY PREPARED FOR THE USE OF THE JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES A% , MAY 27, 1976 70-84a0 Printed for the use of the Joint Economic Committee U.S. GOVERNMENT..PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON :1976 762' JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE (Created pursuant to sec. Information for the conclusions and recommendations of this report was ob­ tained from personal interviews at selected facilities combined with discussions with Factory Mutual personnel. the ratio of the mass of structural metal to the mass of fissile materials is much smaller in a fast reactor than in a thermal reactor. The CEFR detailed design work started in early 1998, and now is almost finished (as of beginning 2003). Its successor, EBR-II, was used from 1963 to 1994 to test equipment and materials. Fast breeder reactors. POSTULATED CORE MELTDOWN ACCIDENT . They cannot decide whether to rely on nuclear power as a long- or short-term energy supply source. 2/ThF4/UF4 fuel in molten salt breeder reactor (MSBR). 5 0 obj Fast neutron reactor cores tend to generate a lot of heat in a small space when compared to reactors of other classes. The liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor (LMFBR) keeps neutron energy high by using liquid sodium as a coolant, and thereby specifically avoiding the presence of moderating material. The future nuclear power industry should focus on the enhanced safety reactors such as inherently safe liquid metal fast neutron reactors. This study identifies and assesses the issues relevant to the Federal Government’s role in the development of the LMFBR. Breeder Reactors. I cc him a Journal of Nuclear Materials 204 (1993) 14-22 North-Holland journal of nuclear materials Status of liquid metal fast breeder reactor fuel development in Japan M. Katsuragawa, H. Kashihara and M. Akebi Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC), Oarai, Ibaraki, Japan The mixed-oxide fuel technology for a liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) in Japan is progressing … The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program-- Past, Present, And Future Energy Research and Development Administration BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES RED-75-352 7(p35+3 . If a long-term future for nuclear power is desired, or even if a nuclear option is to be maintained, construction and operation of a fast breeder demonstration plant is needed. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor. NP-T-1.6 Guides INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY VIENNA ISBN 978–92–0–131810–7 ISSN 1995–7807. @article{osti_7314217, title = {Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program: Argonne facilities}, author = {Stephens, S. V.}, abstractNote = {The objective of the document is to present in one volume an overview of the Argonne National Laboratory test facilities involved in the conduct of the national LMFBR research and development program. 751/26D: 3837930: METHOD OF PRODUCING IRON-CHROMIUM-ALUMINUM ALLOYS WITH IMPROVED HIGH TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES: 1974-09-24: … MWe “Fast Reactor” designated as the BN-800 be added as a fourth unit at its reactor site at Byelorask. Utilize uranium 60 times as efficienctly as PWRs. Second. The Administration and Congress have not been able to agree on the future role of fast nuclear breeder reactors. Information for the conclusions and recommendations of this report was ob­ tained from personal interviews at selected facilities combined with discussions The plutonium-239 is … LMFBR Basics • A fast breeder reactor can convert Uranium-238 into Plutonium-239 at a rate faster than it On June 4, ‘1971, the President an- nounced the adoption of a national energy policy which included a goal for the commercial demonstration of a breeder reactor concept and stated that: Liquid metal fast breeder reactor Download PDF Info Publication number US3271260A. DOE withdrawal from participation in the technology development program will probably cause the collapse of the industrial infrastructure that has grown in support of the program, and consequently, the only nuclear alternative to the LMFBR program will be lost. 3 0 obj We cannot guarantee that Fast Breeder Reactor Program book is in the library. Dispersion strengthened ferritic alloy for use in liquid-metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRS) ... Download PDF 4075010 . COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES WASHINGTON, DC. Full Record; Other Related Research; Publication Date: Tue Oct 31 00:00:00 EST 1972 Research Org. Martin W. Metzner November 19, 2007 Overview of Fast Breeder Reactors Produce more fissile material than is consumed. In addition, the use of LMFRs allows the recycling of the Minor Actinides content of nuclear waste burning them to produce energy and reduce the amounts of disposed waste. full-sized liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) plant to obtain an estimate of the energy absorption capability of the primary containment of that plant in resisting the effects of a large, hypothetical core disruptive accident (HCDA). 2 0 obj A liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) is a nuclear reactor capable of producing more fissile product than it takes in. Other articles where Liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor is discussed: nuclear reactor: Liquid-metal reactors: Sodium-cooled fast-neutron-spectrum liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) received much attention during the 1960s and ’70s when it appeared that their breeding capabilities would soon be needed to supply fissile material to a rapidly expanding nuclear industry. endobj Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. Download Liquid Metal full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Fast Breeder Reactors.pdf - FAST BREEDER REACTORS M Ragheb... School University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign; Course Title NPRE 402; Uploaded By chenyimu19951228. 13.3.3 Fast reactor fuel. that originally powered her. The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program-- Past, Present, And Future Energy Research and Development Administration BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES RED-75-352 7(p35+3 . Breeders exhibit remarkable fuel economy compared to light water reactors. In the liquid-metal, fast-breeder reactor , the target breeding ratio is 1.4 but the results achieved have been about 1.2 . Liquid Metal Magnetohydrodynamics. Utilize uranium 60 times as efficienctly as PWRs. Fast breeder reactors. needs of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor program, Fuel elements are used in EBR-2 to irradiate experimental sub- assemblies containing fuel or fuel materials. Other articles where Liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor is discussed: nuclear reactor: Liquid-metal reactors: Sodium-cooled fast-neutron-spectrum liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) received much attention during the 1960s and ’70s when it appeared that their breeding capabilities would soon be needed to supply fissile material to a rapidly expanding nuclear industry. liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (Lhl FI~R) contains a far lower percentage of thermal neutrons than does that (If a light-water reactor (LWR). Committee on the Basic Properties of Liquid Metals, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, United States. the Liquid Metal Cooled Fast Breeder Reactor and the Unconstitutionality &c. second edition, 1974, if your office should receive such a request from the Library of the University of Arkansas, that would be applied to by one Professor Gerald Havens. tion of the Nation’s first liquid metal fast breeder reactor demonstration plant. READ as many books as you like (Personal use). 25.3 The fast breeder reactor. Unanticipated events could increase the future demand for nuclear energy and the need for an early commercialization of breeder reactors. Download full Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Authors: J.J. Lielpeteris, R.J. Moreau. Based on accumulated experience in Joyo and Monju fuel development, efforts for large scale LMFBR fuel development are devoted to improved irradiation performance, reliability and economy. Hydrogen is preferred as better coolant in comparison to C02 because former (a) is lighter (b) is inert (c) has high specific heat (d) is a good conductor The date for the commercialization of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) has been postponed from 1986 to about 2020. Liquid metal cooled reactors — Design and construction. Liquid-metals Handbook Volume 733 of NAVEXOS P: Contributors: Richard N. Lyon, Donald La Verne Katz, United States. Phenomena are discussed in terms of their impact on normal and transient/accident conditions, and their modeling in neutronics, heat transfer, and fluid dynamics simulation tools. An important step in the production of fuel elements is the bonding process, which is to provide a uniform o gas-free sodium bond between the fuel pin and the jacket to ensure maximum heat removal from the fuel element. H��V�n�0���-P����� 轀��][IT�r��H��%#�&-�)b�=�;��K�E�4ʆ� �G�1�d��vG���QܟV?���6V�&A�%��U�v:eh0Ӫ�X�/ZuJ�i5U�r&mh(���Xi.Z�X�L,� ��&d�/i8��aR�Lo�3I�뭛��%d�362�[7�����}���u� �C�62*�Ku�HA�gu�T����`B�mC�s�u�Pa��n���֍C����fL.��u��Z�ȶ���� �9 3��Њ����c0�:�8��_w�4��G���@a0,��W���߀=��PlVkh�u��; k�Oo��ݩ�w���,6���@�Fh�݋)h`K�h��~N���5�k.�РƉ� O̷�7 c�n��NJxΊ����v��~���V7�]�`ͱjB����p]5�Z� � ���~9o���e���IF�R.�mލݩ�#������(V48=�ĵ� ��b�T�G;�� g�ù=��_��L�ʳc�7����/�fl�FՒmdClڶ/�"� �f�&�$�i�=���v�=U�M3�p0��۶N�0ۋ��Ҙ�U3�뻱ێ�ZN���B OE�j]0�6�MRS�Cw�z����:&%��j|*8d�@�(u*ՔkܔS��H���P&sZh�+��h���7J�99�_�~ qqLZ�Ri*·1g����%���R�\R.2�E�Ƨ��)v`qu���$�r��-�p�-����){�8w�0n���P*8=��? stream Fast Breeder Reactors.pdf - FAST BREEDER REACTORS M Ragheb INTRODUCTION Energy production by fast breeding remains the main goal of the Liquid Metal. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Sec 4 Environmental Impact Of The Lmfbr Fuel Cycle Sec 5 Economic Social And Other Impacts. Second. In some liquid metal reactor designs, electromagnetic pumps without moving parts are substituted for impeller pumps. Series. Liquid Metal Fast. In the early 21st century, all large power plants using fast breeder reactors employed liquid-metal fast breeder reactors, which convert uranium-238 into the fissionable isotope plutonium-239 by means of artificial radioactive decay. Liquid metal fast breeder reactors — Cooling systems. Fast reactors can utilize a wide range of fuel types, a mixture of transuranic elements as fuel, and various chemical forms. Experimental Breeder Reactor , EBR-II flow chart showing intermediate sodium cooling circuit. In practice, all liquid metal cooled reactors are fast-neutron reactors, and to date most fast neutron reactors have been liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors (), or naval propulsion units.The liquid metals used typically need good heat transfer characteristics. Eileen Supko, in Uranium for Nuclear Power, 2016. %PDF-1.3 US3271260A US369029A US36902964A US3271260A US 3271260 A US3271260 A US 3271260A US 369029 A US369029 A US 369029A US 36902964 A US36902964 A US 36902964A US 3271260 A US3271260 A US 3271260A Authority US United States Prior art keywords core reactor blanket fuel liquid metal Prior art … The plutonium-239 … The earlier studies addressed the history, status, plans, and poten- tial problems of the program. HUBERT … 232Th and 233U are the best ‘fertile’ and ‘fissile’ materials respectively for thermal neutron reactors and ‘thermal breeding’ has been demonstrated for (Th, U)O2 fuel in the Shippingport light water breeder reactor (LWBR). Design. The ultimate economics of the LMFBR, U S Fast Breeder Reactor Program Needs Direction, Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program, Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program sec 4 Environmental impact of the LMFBR fuel cycle sec 5 Economic social and other impacts, The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program, Review of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program, Review of National Breeder Reactor Program, Cost benefit Analysis of the U S Breeder Reactor Program, Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Appendix Comment letters 1 25 and responses, Review of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program hearings of April 29 May 1 6 and 7 and June 10 11 and 17 1975, Issues for Consideration review of National Breeder Reactor Program, Review of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program Hearings of June 18 and 24 and July 10 and 17 and appendixes, Arterial Stiffness and Pulsatile Hemodynamics in Health and Disease, Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists, Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences, Echographie en urgence pour le radiologue, Biodiversity of Fishes in Arunachal Himalaya, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, mycology book pdf hc dube introductory mycology, acute care physical therapy documentation. Shortly after the program started the scope was broadened to include a review of the general problem of alkali metal fires. In fiscal year 1981, the Department of Energy (DOE) is planning to terminate its participation in the gas-cooled fast breeder reactor program while continuing to fund the light water breeder reactor program. endobj <> COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES WASHINGTON, DC. In practice, all liquid metal cooled reactors are fast-neutron reactors, and to date most fast neutron reactors have been liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors (), or naval propulsion units.The liquid metals used typically need good heat transfer characteristics. Liquid metal cooled reactors are characterized by very high fuel ratings resulting in high heat transfer rates and compact cores. 1 0 obj Liquid-metal reactors. —]��s�q�50�������o���*&Ң�N3#!,t���m�1]�.� �l)����L�6��x���|VT�����M�I��i?�����D�UD�$:�st�Q��D���T�!fL��E�D4=#?�cg&�d��̸�^�ˆPr��()�N��n�z���y8A��l;(�~�B��a(6�W�����}4S���g9*�ٚ�� /���sS��.J-�K�����J�]ʺ)�kB^��( |{���K��*:c��X��r����ty�J�5�fEXb�LkK���m���s��������88��. Liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs) have been operated successfully throughout the world. H. Böck Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria boeck@ati.ac.at. International Atomic Energy Agency. THE LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTOR: PROMISES AND UNCERTAINTIES Energy Research and Development Administration DIGEST ----- Estimated to cost $10.7 billion in current dollars, the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) is one of the Nation's high priority energy research and development projects. Nuclear reactor - Nuclear reactor - Liquid-metal reactors: Sodium-cooled fast-neutron-spectrum liquid-metal reactors (LMRs) received much attention during the 1960s and ’70s when it appeared that their breeding capabilities would soon be needed to supply fissile material to a rapidly expanding nuclear industry. endobj A liquid metal fast breeder reactor is so named because during conversion of the fertile material into fissile material use is made of high-energy ("fast") neutrons and the coolant employed is sodium, which remains in the liquid state ("liquid metal") at the prevailing <> Many years of the operating experience from the BN-600 fast power reactor show that it has some advantages in terms of safety (the large amount of sodium in the reactor, large boiling point margin, etc). In the United States, the Experimental Breeder Reactor-I at Idaho Falls was the first power reactor to generate electricity in 1951. The study makes use of past experience with such concepts, for example, from the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) that ran … Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor program (LMFBR). Office of Naval Research. The date for the commercialization of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) has been postponed from 1986 to about 2020. If a long-term future for nuclear power is desired, or even if a nuclear option is to be maintained, construction and operation of a fast breeder demonstration plant is needed. (a) regenerative reactor (b) fast breeder reactor (c) breeder reactor (d) boiling water reactor (e) ferrite reactor. LIQUID METAL FAST BREEDER REACTORS, 1948--1961. the ratio of the mass of structural metal to the mass of fissile materials is much smaller in a fast reactor than in a thermal reactor. <> Design. endobj 3. Liquid Metal Fast. We call those neutrons “fast.” The molten metal coolant circulates through heat …

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